When the new academic year begins in later this summer, with a few exceptions, most of the 482,000 students at the 23 campuses that comprise the California State University (CSU) system will be learning remotely. That’s the highest profile example in the current debate among universities as to how handle the fall semester.
CSU Chancellor Timothy P. White’s announcement on May 12 sent shock waves through the student housing business, which so far has survived the crisis caused by the coronavirus without major loses.
But overall, the CSU system seems to be an exception, with many other university systems announcing plans for the full or partial return of students. According to data compiled from 850 universities by the Chronicle of Higher Education, two-thirds of American universities have announced plans for students to return.
“By and large, most schools appear to be on track to re-open for Fall 2020,” says Carl Whitaker, senior manager of market analytics for RealPage, Inc.
Only 7 percent are planning online. Another 8 percent are proposing a hybrid model, 9 percent are waiting to decide and 10 percent are “considering a range of scenarios.”
“Online instruction [in the spring] did not go super smoothly,” says Will Baker, senior managing director of Walker & Dunlop. “It has not been popular.”
Former vice president Joe Biden has thrown his support behind canceling rent.
During a recent appearance on the Snapchat SNAP, +0.93% show “Good Luck America,” the Democratic presidential candidate said he supported the idea, which has so far been promoted by progressive activists.
“There should be rent forgiveness and there should be mortgage forgiveness now in the middle of this crisis,” Biden said during his appearance. “Not paid later, forgiveness. It’s critically important to people who are in the lower-income strata.”
(Biden’s campaign did not return a request for comment.)
Renters are feeling the adverse effects of the coronavirus pandemic and the resulting economic slowdown acutely.
“The tenant is the most vulnerable person in the economy right now,” said Tara Raghuveer, housing campaign director at People’s Action, a political network devoted to grassroots organizing.
The unique attributes of the coronavirus-fueled economic downturn have indeed hit renters harder than homeowners. Tens of millions of Americans have lost their jobs or been furloughed as businesses shut down to comply with stay-at-home orders.
Overwhelmingly, those job losses occurred in the service sector, according to an analysis from title insurance company First American Financial Services FAF, -0.78%. A third of the jobs lost in April were in the leisure and hospitality sector — and most of those jobs were in food service, an industry that is more likely to employ younger workers with less education.
Despite voracious renter demand for affordable and workforce housing, investors in that sector have not been immune from fallout from the COVID-19 economic crisis. Some have hit the pause button as they reevaluate strategies and market risk. However, data that shows that rent collections have not dropped as much as some had feared is giving investors greater confidence in buying both Low Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTCs) and LIHTC-backed assets.
The LIHTC market was in a very strong position at the start of 2020, and despite a slight pause and dip in pricing, many in the industry are optimistic that the sector is on course to regain some of its pre-COVID momentum. “As you would expect, the demand for affordable housing is incredibly strong. It was strong when we were at full employment in the economy, and you could say it is even stronger now,” says Beth Mullen, CPA, partner and affordable housing industry leader at CohnReznick, an accounting, tax and business advisory firm.
Last year marked a record high amount of equity raised from tax credit investors. According to a CohnReznick survey as reported in its March 2020 Tax Credit Monitor, approximately $18.3 billion of investor equity was closed in housing tax credit funds/investments in 2019. That volume reflects a 10.5 percent increase of $1.7 billion over the 2018 volume. CohnReznick notes four key reasons for the increase in volume that include:
COVID-19 is impacting life in many unexpected ways, but it’s been a boon for U.S. online grocery sales.
“The interesting thing is COVID broke down the psychological barrier that had prevented many shoppers from buying groceries online, and in a post-COVID world this could transfer to cold storage demand,” notes Chicago-based Peter Kroner, research manager for industrial capital markets with real estate services firm JLL who recently helped his grandmother buy her groceries online for the first time.
With consumers now comfortable having groceries delivered direct to consumer (D2C) or buying online, pickup in store (BOPIS), disruption of the U.S. food industry is expected to stick. Kroner notes that three major U.S. retail grocery chains have already announced plans to launch free delivery of online sales by year-end. In addition, a Brick Meets Click/Shopper Kit survey found that 46 percent of shoppers plan to continue purchasing goods online, including groceries, post-COVID-19.
One of the biggest questions right now for urban multifamily property managers is how to deal with ramped-up package delivery while ensuring social distancing rules.
Even before the pandemic, many apartment building managers were already experimenting with improving their package delivery processes. But the pandemic has accelerated the demand to find more efficient solutions for deliveries. For example, technology tools can help make it easier to practice social distancing at multifamily buildings, according to Robert Gaulden, director of multifamily channel strategy at Allegion U.S., a provider of security solutions. There are technologies that allow for access control on a particular room inside the building, meaning property managers have the ability to set schedules for when residents can enter the room and ensure they do not have more than a certain number of people in the space at any given time. This technology can apply not only to package delivery rooms, but also to other common areas of the building, says Gaulden.
“Now, you also have to look at the design and say: ‘what do we want that flow to be, what do we want that experience to be, how do we manage this environment to be lower touch?’” Gaulden notes. “Do we put automatic operators in all the way from the exterior to the interior to make sure that the delivery people are not touching as many door handles for example, or entering into the package room? And there’s a question perhaps: does this help accelerate delivery [directly to residents’ units?]”
Despite mass unemployment and underemployment, multifamily rental payments have held up far better than many industry experts expected amid the economic wreckage caused by the spread of the novel coronavirus.
More than 36 million people have filed for unemployment in recent weeks and millions of others working fewer hours and taking reduced pay. That’s amid new estimates that real GDP growth for the second quarter will come in at -42.8 percent. Toss in a backdrop in which, as of December, 69 percent of Americans had less than $1,000 in savings accounts, and it would seem to paint a bleak picture on the ability of renters to meet their obligations.
Yet 87.7 percent of apartment households made a full or partial rent payment by May 13, according to a survey of 11.4 million professionally-managed apartments across the U.S. by the National Multifamily Housing Council (NMHC). That’s up from the 85.0 percent who had paid by April 13, 2020, during the first full month of the crisis caused by the spread of the coronavirus. That’s also down from the 89.8 percent of renter households who made rental payments the year before, when the U.S. economy was still strong and long before the coronavirus began to spread.
One of the reasons for going into business, particularly the multifamily investment niche of real estate, is solely to create wealth and passive income. Current investors in this niche have made it known over and over again, how multifamily real estate investing has done that for them. However, one fundamental question to consider is how one can create wealth, satisfying a need in the process without financial independence? If you are a real estate investor, now more than ever is the time to escape the corporate rat race and become financially independent. Based on the main goals of any investor, the main aim of this content is to highlight the tips you can make use of in achieving this sole objective. However, it is only reasonable we inform that achieving financial independence is not as easy as we would be stating here. You need to be intentional about being financially independent. Learning how to create wealth and improve your business dealings can be very challenging.
If we were to conduct a poll today amidst real estate investors on why they chose the real estate sector to invest their resources, sure we would have lots of reasons to consider. Although some might treat it as a partial source of income, others commit fully to it with financial independence becoming the unifying goal. This has been the dream of many, and real estate has been one of the best ways of achieving it. Financial independence is achieved by an investor when the passive income, the returns from activities in the real estate sector, is more than their monthly expenses. In such a way that you have lots to spare. Although this might sound risky or seem like a very long process that can only be achieved in years, one uphill climb, it is achievable and very realistic, giving the factors involved. It has even been confirmed that rental property investors make cool cash, achieve financial independence through investing in real estate. As mentioned earlier, here are a few tips we advise the reader to strictly adhere to if one is so particular about achieving financial independence. These tips include:
One of the best things one can do to improve oneself is to get educated. It does not cost a thing to stay updated with the latest developments in the real estate world. As a real estate investor with your eyes on the goal, you need to be abreast of all the back and forth going on between the bigwigs in the industry, and you need to have an idea of the latest moves to make that are sure to bring in the needed profits. In line with achieving financial independence, although there is no real need for formal education or a college degree, one still needs to dedicate lots of time to reading and to grow at the same time. Successful real estate investors have achieved financial independence by knowing how to play the right cards at the right time. Investors are constantly educating themselves about the best investment strategies and investment properties. With investment property types including either single-family homes or multifamily settings while strategies include rental properties, commercial real estate investing, with the inclusion of Airbnb rentals. They seem to be growing in value every day, and you should consider investing in them.
How can one achieve financial independence without top-notch financial planning? For most real estate investors, there is always a template more like a written plan as to how to achieve financial independence. It was observed that having a plan makes you more likely to achieve the set-out goals and objectives. Financial planning in the real estate investment niche is said to refer to all the processes of determining all that is related to the financing of your rental property. In plain terms, it solely involves anything that settles all your real estate concerns; the acquiring of a mortgage that fully suits your real estate investment. It also supports the calculating of your expenses and the cash flow through the rental property in focus.
In terms of mortgage and mortgage payments, they are referred to as the foundations of real estate financial planning. Having debts is not bad, but continuously piling up the debts to such an extent, it starts to impede your ability to save, that is a source of concern. This development, in the long run, tends to affect your ability to achieve financial independence as early as you would have wanted. While in terms of expenses, optimum financial planning should involve defining your passive income. To determine this number, real estate investors should consider all the monthly expenses, which should include repairs, maintenance, utilities, electricity and water bills, taxes, vacancy rates, property management, etc. For a real estate investor to achieve financial independence with all that has been listed out, an estimate of the expenses must be made to determine the extent by which they affect the odds of achieving financial independence through real estate investments.
This is no rocket science, but the more your investments, the higher the passive income you can derive from it. Growing your real estate investment portfolio is one sure way of attaining financial independence. The more you invest in real estate properties, the more passive income you earn. That is not all therein, and you are likely to earn more passive income from diverse real estate holdings. This also protects the real estate property investors from the dynamic economy and real estate investing market fluctuations, which ultimately allows for financial stability regardless of the conditions around.
To achieve this talked about financial independence, we have a lot to discuss about strategies one can apply to attain it in no distant time. Some of these are discussed as follows:
This is one of the first things to do; the freedom number is not a unit or a property count. It refers to the amount of income you need to cover your current expenses or the amount of passive income. Which is more or less equal to the amount you are receiving from your current active full-time job, or that which can fully afford your full lifestyle. The best way to arrive at this number is to open up an excel spreadsheet and make a list of all current expenses. If you also intend to replace the current income and become a full-time real estate investor, then your freedom number automatically becomes your pre-taxed income. If you intend to improve or keep your current lifestyle, then you need to determine how much it would cost you, and that is referred to as your freedom number. To make this clearer, imagine a scenario where you currently earn $50,000 a year at a job, and you make calculations that you would need an additional $10,000 to maintain your current lifestyle. Your freedom number is about $60,000 yearly.
The next thing on the list is to calculate how many rental properties a real estate investor needs to be involved in before you achieve the calculated freedom number. This calculation is solely based on specific investment criteria as a real estate investor. For example, if your investment specification is only to purchase certain properties that are sure to achieve a 10% cash-on-cash return. Then you will need more money to achieve your $60,000 a year freedom number, Roughly about $600,000.
After calculating your freedom number and the amount, you would need to invest in real estate to get that much as passive income, which caters to all the expenses that maintains your current lifestyle. Next is to create a freedom timeline, which is all about how often you will purchase properties to achieve your freedom number. These timelines do vary with all depending on current situations, investment strategies adopted, market, etc. the best recommendation is to have a freedom date then backdate a timeline.
For example, if you already have it in mind to quit your active paying job in the next 10 (ten) years to focus on real estate investments, following from previous examples of your freedom number is $60,000. You need to purchase about 60 units for a start and a cash flow of about $100 a month. The money that would be available as a rising real estate investor to be used as down payment will be any amount of money you have saved up, which is money you have set aside from your full-time job.
After purchasing your first housing units, you will have an additional stream, which is the $100 a month; and how long can you wait before you purchase your next property? And as from that point, you will have an additional $200 a month towards the next payment. At some other point, you will ultimately have enough equity in the earlier rental unit purchases that will be able to be refinanced and, in the long run, buy more units.
The last thing to consider after calculating your freedom number, determining how many units you need to buy, is to create a timeline. As it is the time to start making high-level purchases like a new real estate entrepreneur. One of the strategies that have been adopted in recent times is the BRRRR strategy superbly coined by Brandon Turner at BiggerPockets. The named acronym stands for buy, rehab, rent, refinance and repeat. By buying, you can purchase old or distressed properties, which translates to the level of distress you are capable of managing, and this will go a long way in you achieving the financial independence you so much want. By rehab, you only need to subcontract to someone who is a great general contractor to carry out random property repairs and general renovations.
As for renting, you need to lease your newly renovated asset to great residents who, to an extent, share your ideas. Individuals who would adequately make use of your property; as their use would not make you accumulate unnecessary expenses on repairs. Then on to refinancing, you can choose to obtain a new loan on the property in a bid to pull out the equity created from the rehabilitation carried out. By repeating the entire process, by using the money from refinancing, you can achieve financial independence. Honestly, we can only outline these steps and hope they work for you. The number of obstacles you are likely to face as a real estate investor or entrepreneur varies in a lot of ways, as achieving financial independence can be very daunting without mincing words. However, this is not to discourage you. Still, with consistent effort, partnering with reliable individuals, patience and resourcefulness are one of the positive ways to work through the many obstacles you are likely to face.
Many professionals or veterans in the real estate sector have spoken on some tricks that worked in their favor. Some of these tricks have helped them to quickly navigate the many obstacles that have barred others on their way to achieving financial independence from real estate investing:
You must have heard of the common term in real estate that units with proper management appreciate over time. It is certainly one factor that comes into play in the real estate sector. For these individuals, they have been able to do an equity strip from the properties, and they do not have to pay taxes when they borrow money against the properties. The equity that was created by the appreciation of the properties acquired can be pulled out and used as a down payment to purchase other properties.
Financial independence can also be achieved by leveraging properties with debt; in this way, they were able to control virtually 100% of the property by putting less than 100% down while also compounding the benefits of inflation. There are many ways to arrive at financial independence, but one central factor is the diligence and patience to see the processes through. We can only wish you the very best on your journey.
Retailers aren’t the only ones struggling to pay the bills.
The biggest shopping center in the country, The Mall of America, has missed two months of payments on its $1.4 billion mortgage, a sign of just how much retail real estate owners are reeling during the coronavirus pandemic.
The mall, operated by private developers Triple Five Group, skipped mortgage payments in April and May, according to Trepp, a New York-based research firm that tracks the commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, market.
A spokesperson for Triple Five Group did not immediately respond to CNBC’s request for comment.
Mall of America closed its doors because of the Covid-19 crisis on March 17. It has now notified notified Wells Fargo, the master servicer that is overseeing its mortgage, of the “hardships” it faces. But it is not clear if Triple Five Group will seek forbearance on its loan.
Mall of America, located in Bloomington, Minnesota, is planning to reopen its retail stores on June 1, according to its website.
“Next to hotel owners, retailers have been the hardest hit by the Covid-19 crisis,” Manus Clancy, Trepp senior managing director, told CNBC. “The percentage of delinquent retail loans has already surpassed the highest percentage reached during the financial crisis and could be headed higher.”
Many lenders that hit the pause button on new originations at the start of the pandemic are stepping back into action, albeit with a more conservative playbook than they had at the start of the year.
One big difference: lenders have new requirements for debt service reserves. Pre-COVID-19, reserves were not required on stabilized assets and generally only used to reduce risk on properties in transition, such as major rehabs or redevelopments. Now debt service reserves ranging between six and 18 months are a standard requirement on new commercial and multifamily mortgages—even those backed by the GSEs.
“Across the spectrum, you’re seeing borrowers being asked to produce higher cash reserves. Some of the underwriting standards across the board are also being tightened up,” says Lonnie Hendry Jr., MSRE, vice president, CRE Product Management at Trepp. Metrics being used to evaluate the underlying collateral, loan-to-value ratios, debt yields and debt service coverage ratios are all being underwritten more conservatively, he says.
(Bloomberg)—Prologis Inc., the largest owner of warehouses in the U.S., is getting a boost as social-distancing pushes consumers deeper into the embrace of e-commerce.
Companies including Amazon.com Inc. and Walmart Inc. have an “almost insatiable” appetite for more warehouse space, Chief Executive Officer Hamid Moghadam said in an interview on Tuesday.
“We’re not seeing those guys slow down, they continue to be very active in making new deals,” Moghadam said. “The strong continue to be taking a lot of space.”
Prologis and Blackstone Group Inc. have gobbled up warehouses in recent years, betting in part that more and more shopping will move online. Still, e-commerce is a relatively a small piece of the warehouse business, which is more tightly tethered to the overall economy.
Even as the pandemic fuels job losses and batters the economy, the surge in online shopping, including for groceries, is keeping vacancy rates low at Prologis properties.